Following successes in Malwa and Rajputana region during the 1730s , the Peshwa decided to pressure the Mughal emperor to grant him various provinces, places and tribute from other Mughal provinces.
Briefly , Bajirao’s demands were as follows : (May 1736)
Peshwa Bajirao moves north :
The Mughal sardars :
The other Mughal sardars of the doab – Mohammed Khan Bangash and Khan Dauran joined Sadat Khan at Agra. From there, Sadat Khan sent messages to the emperor appraising him of how he had routed the ‘main’ Maratha army at Jaleshwar and that he would now proceed to finish Bajirao with the help of other Mughal sardars !
Malharrao Holkar’s attack on the doab :
Bajirao attacks Delhi !
Bajirao now decided to directly attack Delhi, where the emperor, emboldened by Sadat Khan’s letters, had become slightly complacent. He moved from Gwalior, and keeping Agra 14 – 15 miles to his east, galloped to Delhi at a speed of over 70 miles a day. Passing Newataya , Barapula and the Kalika mandir (today’s Kalkaji Temple of Delhi) camped at Kushbandi on the 28th of March 1737. Kushbandi was in today’s New Delhi area.
The Mughal emperor, understandably enraged at having been attacked in the Red Fort itself, decided to join the Nizam of Hyderabad in one last attempt to check the Peshwa.
Peshwa Bajirao’s response is the famous battle at Bhopal of 1738
This famous clash with the Nizam in 1738, cemented the Maratha’s place as the major power in India. Read about it here
Aneesh Gokhale is the published author of two books –Brahmaputra – The Story of Lachit Barphukan and
Sahyadris to Hindukush – The Maratha conquest of Lahore and Attock.
He has also written various articles in newspapers and magazines and conducted public talks on numerous occasions.
////// Ref : 1. Bajirao – Outstanding Cavalry General – Col Palsolkar