Chhatrapati Sambhaji – Battles fought during Maratha War of Independence (1680 to 1707)

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From the year Chhatrapati Shivaji died (1680) , a real struggle between the Marathas and the Mughals had begun. Aurangzeb arrived at Burhanpur on the MP – Maharashtra border by 1682 – bringing with him an army and ancillary forces that totalled over five lac. It was possibly the largest army in the world at that time, to assemble at one place. In right earnest , the war began . Chhatrapati Sambhaji , who succeeded Shivaji , took the challenge head on . But there were other problems too – the Siddi of Janjira and the Portuguese , both of whom wanted to see the end of swarajya.

This is a list of battles in the long war of attrition that took place in the Deccan in the decade spanning 1680 to 1689.

CHHATRAPATI SAMBHAJI – Maratha War of Independence -Various battles fought : Map at the end  is a rough idea of area of operation

Versus the Siddi of Janjira

1. Marathas v/s Siddi of Janjira – Underi fort : 18 Aug 1680

2. Marathas v/s Siddi of Janjira – Underi fort : July 1681

4. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Siddi of Janjira : Siege of Janjira fort – Dec 1681 to Aug 1682.

5. Marathas v/s Siddi of Janjira – Jaitapur : 1687 (skirmish)

Versus the Portuguese

1. Marathas v/s Portuguese – two forts in Thane : Jan 1683

2. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Tarapur fort : April 1683

3. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Daman / Vasai region : April 1683.

4. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Chaul : June 1682

5. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Revdanda : July 1682

6. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Korlai : July 1682

7. Marathas v/s Portuguese – Anzor : Sept 1683

8. Nilopant v/s Portuguese – Chembur , Taloja ,Kolve : 1683

9. Marathas v/s Portuguese – Karanja , Elephanta : 1683/84

10. Marathas v/s Portuguese – Jivdhan : Aug 1685

11. Marathas v/s Portuguese – Kamandurg : Sept 1685

12. Yesaji Kank , Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Defence of the Fort at Phonda : Nov 1683.

13. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Portuguese – Juve Island (Goa) : Nov 1683

14. Marathas v/s Portuguese – Margao(Goa) etc : Dec 1683

15. Marathas v/s Portuguese – Bardesh (Goa) : Dec 1683

Marathas v/s Mughals :

1. Bahadur Khan Kokaltash v/s Marathas – Ahivantgad : Jun 1680

2. Shahabuddin Khan v/s Parshuram Jogi’s brother – Salher : Nov 1681

3. Muzzafar Khan v/s Marathas – Dharampur – April 1681 (skirmish)

4. Shahabuddin Khan v/s Marathas – Ramsej – April to Sept 1682

5. Shahbuddin Khan v/s Rupaji Bhosale – Ganeshgaon (Nashik) – April 1682.

6. Bahadur Khan Kokaltash v/s Marathas – Ramsej – Oct 1682 – 1684

7. Ikram Khan v/s Marathas – Nashik – Dec 1684

8. Muhammed Khalil, Govindrao v/s Tatyarao – Sinnar – Jan 1685

9. Marathas v/s Mughals – Aundha , Patta – June 1682

10. Assadullah Khan v/s Marathas – Songad : July 1682

11. Mughals v/s Marathas – Trimbakgad – 1682 / 1683

12. Ahmed Khan v/s Marathas – Kanchangad – 1683 (?)

13. Matabbar Khan v/s Telangrao , Shyamraj – Trimbakgad – 1688/89

14. Mughals v/s Marathas – Aundha , Patta – 1688

15 . Hambirrao Mohite v/s Mughals – Barhanpur : Dec 1680

16. Mukarram Khan v/s Nagoji Ballal – Darwah, Yawatmal : Apr 1682

17. Mughals v/s Marathas – Saronda : 1683

18. Shaikh Jahan v/s Marathas – Jamoda (Akola) : 1683

19. Ranmastan Khan , Daud Khan v/s Marathas – Aurangabad : 1681.

20. Mughals v/s Marathas – Jalna 1682 April

21. Marathas v/s Mughals – Antur : August 1682 .

22. Marathas v/s Muzaffar Khan – Vaijapur : Oct 1682

23. Marathas v/s Mughals – Jalna : Dec 1682.

24. Marathas v/s Mughals – Jalna : Feb 1683.

25. Muzaffar Khan v/s Marathas : Sarangpur , Ambad : 1684

26. Marathas v/s Mughals – Burhanpur : 1685 .

27. Multifat Khan v/s Marathas – Kadirabad : Jan 1685.

28. Marathas v/s Mughals – Talkonkan : Nov 1681.

29. Shahabuddin Khan v/s Marathas – Talkonkan : Nov 1682

30. Hussain Ali Khan v/s Marathas – Kalyan/ Bhiwandi : Nov 1681

31. Rustom Khan v/s Marathas – Kalyan : 1681.

32. Rustom Khan v/s Rupaji Bhosale, Nilopant – Kalyan – 1681.

33. Rustom Khan , Yakut Khan v/s Tukoji Sardar – Kalyan – 1681

34. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Rustom Khan : Kalyan , 1681

35. Hambirrao Mohite v/s Mughals : Kalyan -Bhiwandi : 1683

36. Rohilla Khan v/s Rupaji Bhosale – Titwala : 1683

37. Sayyad Abdullah v/s Marathas – Holgad (Baglan) : 1688

38. Kadir Khan v/s Naroji Trimbak etc – Kothaligad Nov 1684.

39 Muazzuddin v/s Marathas – Purandar – Dec 1682

40 Marathas v/s Mughals – Shirwal : 1685

41 Mamur Khan , Fakruddin Khan v/s Marathas – Supe : 1684

42. Hambirrao , Vithoji v/s Kulij Khan – some where near Bhima: 1682.

43. Shahabuddin Khan v/s Marathas – Lohagad : Dec 1682

44. Shahabuddin Khan v/s Marathas – Visapur : Dec 1682

45. Shahabuddin v/s Marathas – Kusurpur (Junnar) – 1683

46. Fakruddin Khan v/s Marathas – Lohgad : 1684

47. Aziz Khan v/s Marathas – Junnar : 1684

48. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Raud Andaz Khan , Fakruddin Khan – Sinhagad region : 1685

49. Mughals v/s Marathas : Rohida fort , Nov 1685,

50. Ghazi Ud Din Khan v/s Hambirrao , Rupaji Bhosale – Raigad area , Jan 1685.

51. Khan Jahan Bahadur v/s Marathas – Satara : 1681

52. Naroji Bhosale v/s Mughals – Satara 1684.

53. Amanullah Khan v/s Marathas – Chandan – Vandan : Feb 1685

54. Hambirrao Mohite v/s Sarja Khan – Wai : 1687

55 Marathas v/s Indra Singh Kachwa , Muzzafar Khan – Sangamner.

56.Marathas v/s Mughals – Ahmednagar 1682 / 1683

57. Chhatrapati Sambhaji v/s Mirza Khan – Parner 1684

58. Mankoji Ballal v/s Durga Singh – Pedgaon , 1682

59. Timaji v/s Azam Shah – Pedgaon 1684

60. Hasan Ali Khan v/s Marathas – Sangola – 1682

61. Marathas v/s Mughals – Mangalvedha : 1686

62. Marathas v/s Mughals – Sangola : 1687

63. Marathas v/s Mughals – Solapur : Dec 1680

64. Rana Jai Singh v/s Marhammat Khan – Parinda : 1685

65. Kasim Khan v/s Mankoji Ballal – Naldurg : 1683

66. Gangaram Gujrathi capture of Patna , Mongir – July 1682

67. Hambirrao Mohite v/s Azam Shah – Panhala , 1682

68. Hambirrao Mohite v/s Azam Shah – Kolhapur , 1683

69. Chhatrapati Sambhaji , Akbar v/s Mughals – Konkan 1683

sambhaji map
Ref : Shiv Putra Sambhaji – Dr Kamal Gokhale

Cover image from wikipedia. Credit to Nipunbayas.

* This list has been compiled from above source. Any corrections , additions are more than welcome.

* I will write about Deccan sultanates and Maratha politics in south India separately.

© Aneesh Gokhale

Author of ” Sahyadris to Hindukush” – Maratha conquest of Lahore and Attock ; “Brahmaputra” – Story of Lachit Barphukan

Books can be purchased at Amazon India