The years between 1670 and 1672 are perhaps the turning point in India’s history. Chhatrapati Shivaji began a grand counter offensive against the Mughals that saw more than a dozen forts retaken through tact and bravery, followed by lightning raids into Baglan, Khandesh and Surat. He topped it with a total rout of the Mughal army of 40,000, and more, on the open fields near Salher. A naval attack on Jinjira was carried out, another threatened on Bharuch. All of this happened within two years.