An avatar of Shrimaan Yogi – Punyashlok Ahilyabai Holkar

holkar
Uniting the whole land of Bharatvarsha and rejuvenating Hindu religion and Hindu religious places was Chhatrapati Shivaji’s dream. Ahilyabai Holkar gave the much needed religio – cultural coat to the political and military conquests of Peshwa Bajirao and Maratha sardars such as Malharrao Holkar and Jayappa Shinde. She gave the strong support of dharma to the political and military conquests spanning a whole century. The Marathas had built their empire over the smouldering ruins of the Mughal Empire. The political renaissance that followed under the Marathas was given the pillars of cultural and religious renaissance by Ahilybai Holkar. In a country where a mere hundred years ago Aurangzeb has issued firmans calling for the destruction of temples, the work of Ahilyabai becomes even more significant. India is fortunate, that such a great personality was born in this land. That all her achievements came in the years after the great debacle at Panipat make her even greater. The temple building by her shows the political clout of the Marathas. We very well know of the political problems that were faced for example at the Amarnath yatra. Such problems existed during earlier times for just about any yatra in India. Ahilyabai Holkar’s work should also be seen in this light.

After entering the Holkar household at the age of eight, she was fortunate to receive guidance from her father in law, the great Malharrao Holkar himself. She bravely bore great personal tragedy when she lost Malharrao Holkar, her husband and her only son within a few years of each other. She ably ruled Malwa between 1766 and 1795. During this time, she built a great many ghats, mandirs, dharmashalas etc. In 1767, she minted coins at Indore with the Shivling clearly imprinted on them. The obverse side of the coin had the sun and the moon in Devanagari script! This was a complete shift from the Farsi coins in vogue for the past 600 years!

She recognised the cultural unity of the land, manifest in its char dhaam, its twelve jyotirlinga, the holy status given to its various rivers etc. Ahilyabai Holkar gave donations to such places, built temples, ghats and established dharamshalas.

There is a saying in English – a picture says a thousand words. The following two pictures /maps of Devi Ahilyabai Holkar’s work give a true picture of her work. Where such structures were built, there was social and economic progress also as a corollary. Temple towns were like the Special Economic Zones of their time. They provided employment to hundreds, if not thousands of people in towns which sprung up around a temple or other place of pilgrimage. Money earned brought prosperity.

The work of Ahilyabai Holkar is the final triumph of swarajya over the Mughal empire.

A note here about Devi Ahilyabai Holkar’s caste. Since our liberals are fond of calling the Maratha empire “casteist” , ” Brahmanical”  etc etc , it has become necessary to mention this.

The Holkars belong to the dhangar or shepherd caste. Currently it is categorised in Maharashtra as a nomadic tribe. That two greats – Malharrao Holkar and Ahilyabai were from this caste and did yeoman service for the Hindu cause is a matter of great pride.

Devi Ahilyabai Holkar started practise of presenting pots of Ganges – water (gangajal kawad) to these shrines on Mahashivratri. The practise was honoured by the Holkars of Indore well into twentieth century. (Current status unknown)

The map depicts these places :

Rameshwaram

Malikarjun , AP

Janardan Vasudev

Giri Balaji , AP

Gokarna

Subramaneshwar temple , Velapuru

Parali Vaijyanath , AP

Dakore , Gujarat

Somnath

Dwarka , Gujarat

Trimbakeshwar , Nashik

Ram Panchvati , Nashik .

Utkanteshwar , Gujarat

Bhimashankar , Maharashtra

Pandharpur , Maharashtra

Ekalinga Mahadev , Chittorgarh

Kedarnath

Nathadwara , Rajasthan

Kankroli , Rajasthan

Vrideshwar Mahadev , Ahmadnagar

Grishneshwar , Verul , Maharashtra

Loteshwar Mahadev , Bhavnagar

Jejuri

Badrinath

Mahakaleshwar , Ujjain , MP

Rajrajeshwar temple

Omkareshwar Jyotirling

Kashi Vishweshwar , Varanasi

Shri Jagannath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple

gangajal-kawad

 

 She also built a great number of ghats,dharamshalas , temples.

१. देव प्रयाग ( धरमशाला )

२. गंगोत्री ( घाट )

३. केदारनाथ ( कुंद )

४. बद्रीनाथ (कुंड )

५. अयोध्या ( मंदिर , घाट )

६. प्रयाग ( घाट , धरमशाला )

७. वाराणसी ( मंदिर , घाट )

८. गया (मंदिर , घाट )

९. अमरकंटक ( धरमशाला )

१० . फातेह्गड ( घाट )

११. जगन्नाथपुरी ( मंदिर )

१२. ओमकारेश्वर ( मंदिर )

१३. महेश्वर ( मंदिर , घाट )

१४. रामेश्वरम ( धरमशाला )

१५. गोकर्ण ( अन्न क्षेत्र )

१६ . राजापूर ( मंदिर )

१७. पंढरपूर (मंदिर )

१८. जेजुरी ( मंदिर )

१९. पुणे ( धरमशाला )

२० . ब्राह्मणगाव ( मंदिर , घाट )

२१. इंदोर ( मंदिर )

२२. उज्जैन ( मंदिर )

२३. चीकाल्धारा ( मंदिर )

२४. नागेश्वर ( मंदिर )

२५. सोमनाथ ( मंदिर )

२६. द्वारका (धरमशाला )

२७. नाथद्वारा (मंदिर )

२८. पुष्कर (मंदिर , धरमशाला )

२९. धर्माराजेश्वर (घाट )

३० . भांपुरा ( छत्री )

३१ व्रीन्दावन (मंदिर )

३२. हरिद्वार ( घाट )

३३. ह्रीशिकेश (घाट )

dharmshalas

 

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